Question: What Is The Name Given To Copies Of Data Or Program Files?

Which devices are used for storing and extracting files?

They can be either internal or external to the computer, and they include the hard disk, optical disk drive and USB storage device..

What type of media is a hard disk?

A hard disk provides a high-capacity alternative to magnetic storage media. It contains metal platters coated with a magnetic layer. The platters usually spin continuously when a computer is on, storing data in different sectors on the magnetic disk.

Which storage device is cheapest per MB?

Magnetic storage: Hard Disc Drive (HDD) Relatively cheap per unit of storage. Fast access and retrieval times compared to other storage devices. Can be easily damaged, will slow down and eventually break over time.

What are 4 types of storage devices?

What storage device has the largest capacity?Punch card.Floppy diskette.Zip disk.CD.DVD.Blu-ray disc.Flash jump drive.Hard drive / SSD.More items…•

How does the primary storage work?

Primary storage is the collective methods and technologies used to capture and retain digital information that is in active use and critical for an organization’s operations. Primary storage data is frequently accessed by applications or other hardware systems and business users.

How long will data last on a DVD?

Among the manufacturers that have done testing, there is consensus that, under recommended storage conditions, CD-R, DVD-R, and DVD+R discs should have a life expectancy of 100 to 200 years or more; CD-RW, DVD-RW, DVD+RW, and DVD-RAM discs should have a life expectancy of 25 years or more.

Which of the following is an example of a backing storage device?

Backing storage. … Common types of backing storage devices are hard drives, SSD, external hard disk drives, optical media such as CD or DVD, and flash media such as thumb drives and memory sticks. Older computer systems also used floppy disks and magnetic tapes as backing storage.

Can CD Roms record data over and over again?

This means that the disc can be recorded on over and over again. Unlike CD/DVD-R’s these discs DO NOT become ROMS (not read only) once burned. RW drives are used to burn data onto dye on the RW disc (and also read from it).

What is the difference between RAM and backing storage?

RAM is the main type of main memory and is VOLATILE. This means it wipes itself whenever the power turns off. This is where data is stored long term, it is NON-VOLATILE so it does not wipe when the power goes off. You hard drive, CDs and USB sticks are all backing storage.

What are the 3 types of storage?

There are three main categories of storage devices: optical, magnetic and semiconductor. The earliest of these was the magnetic device. Computer systems began with magnetic storage in the form of tapes (yes, just like a cassette or video tape). These graduated to the hard disk drive and then to a floppy disk.

Why backing up is important?

The main reason for data backup is to save important files if a system crash or hard drive failure occurs. There should be additional data backups if the original backups result in data corruption or hard drive failure. This option is best done via the cloud or offsite storage.

What are backing storage devices?

backing storage is any device that is non-volatile (NV), this means that unlike the RAM the device can save the storage even when there is no power, there are many different types of backing storage for example: Hard Disk-disk drives are built into the computer and its Capacity varies from 20 Gb to 2 Tb.

What is storage capacity?

Storage capacity refers to how much disk space one or more storage devices provides. It measures how much data a computer system may contain. For an example, a computer with a 500GB hard drive has a storage capacity of 500 gigabytes. A network server with four 1TB drives, has a storage capacity of 4 terabytes.

Is it always possible to retrieve data from a rewritable CD?

CD-RW discs are rewritable discs, meaning you can upload, and save, delete and make changes to files multiple times. If you have deleted some files, you can trace and recover them with a data recovery program. These programs use a wizard system to make it easy to recover files from your CD-RW disc.

How is data stored on CD ROM?

Data is stored on the disc as a series of microscopic indentations. A laser is shone onto the reflective surface of the disc to read the pattern of pits and lands (“pits”, with the gaps between them referred to as “lands”).